Nchan安裝 - 使用Docker

使用Docker啟動

使用別人製作好的image

可以使用我製作好的docker image

docker run -p 80:80 herb123456/nchan-alpine

Google後有其他人也有製作nchan的docker image

docker run -p 80:80 meroje/alpine-nchan

只是版本還停留在1.1.5

從nginx官方Docker file修改(建議)

自己修改dockerfile不僅自由度高,掌握度也比較高,而且也不難,讓我們先看看nginx官方dockerfile長怎樣吧。

首先他區分成mainline跟stable兩種版本

mainline是最新版本,stable則是穩定版本,我就拿stable版本來用吧

進去後可以看到有兩種版本

alpine跟stretch

alpine是最小的docker image

stretch則是debain stretch

應該大部分人都不習慣使用alpine

所以會選擇stretch

但考量到未來production環境是docker swarm或是Kubernetes的人

就可以開始習慣alpine了

這次也用alpine做範例吧

選擇支援perl的版本

內容如下

FROM alpine:3.7

LABEL maintainer="NGINX Docker Maintainers <[email protected]>"

ENV NGINX_VERSION 1.12.2

RUN GPG_KEYS=B0F4253373F8F6F510D42178520A9993A1C052F8 \
    && CONFIG="\
        --prefix=/etc/nginx \
        --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
        --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules \
        --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
        --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
        --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
        --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid \
        --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \
        --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp \
        --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp \
        --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp \
        --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp \
        --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp \
        --user=nginx \
        --group=nginx \
        --with-http_ssl_module \
        --with-http_realip_module \
        --with-http_addition_module \
        --with-http_sub_module \
        --with-http_dav_module \
        --with-http_flv_module \
        --with-http_mp4_module \
        --with-http_gunzip_module \
        --with-http_gzip_static_module \
        --with-http_random_index_module \
        --with-http_secure_link_module \
        --with-http_stub_status_module \
        --with-http_auth_request_module \
        --with-http_xslt_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_perl_module=dynamic \
        --with-threads \
        --with-stream \
        --with-stream_ssl_module \
        --with-stream_ssl_preread_module \
        --with-stream_realip_module \
        --with-stream_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_slice_module \
        --with-mail \
        --with-mail_ssl_module \
        --with-compat \
        --with-file-aio \
        --with-http_v2_module \
    " \
    && addgroup -S nginx \
    && adduser -D -S -h /var/cache/nginx -s /sbin/nologin -G nginx nginx \
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .build-deps \
        gcc \
        libc-dev \
        make \
        openssl-dev \
        pcre-dev \
        zlib-dev \
        linux-headers \
        curl \
        gnupg \
        libxslt-dev \
        gd-dev \
        geoip-dev \
        perl-dev \
    && curl -fSL https://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz -o nginx.tar.gz \
    && curl -fSL https://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz.asc  -o nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)" \
    && found=''; \
    for server in \
        ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net \
        hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 \
        hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 \
        pgp.mit.edu \
    ; do \
        echo "Fetching GPG key $GPG_KEYS from $server"; \
        gpg --keyserver "$server" --keyserver-options timeout=10 --recv-keys "$GPG_KEYS" && found=yes && break; \
    done; \
    test -z "$found" && echo >&2 "error: failed to fetch GPG key $GPG_KEYS" && exit 1; \
    gpg --batch --verify nginx.tar.gz.asc nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm -rf "$GNUPGHOME" nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && mkdir -p /usr/src \
    && tar -zxC /usr/src -f nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm nginx.tar.gz \
    && cd /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION \
    && ./configure $CONFIG --with-debug \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && mv objs/nginx objs/nginx-debug \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_perl_module.so objs/ngx_http_perl_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && ./configure $CONFIG \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && make install \
    && rm -rf /etc/nginx/html/ \
    && mkdir /etc/nginx/conf.d/ \
    && mkdir -p /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/index.html /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/50x.html /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m755 objs/nginx-debug /usr/sbin/nginx-debug \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_perl_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_perl_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && ln -s ../../usr/lib/nginx/modules /etc/nginx/modules \
    && strip /usr/sbin/nginx* \
    && strip /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so \
    && rm -rf /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION \
    \
    # Bring in gettext so we can get `envsubst`, then throw
    # the rest away. To do this, we need to install `gettext`
    # then move `envsubst` out of the way so `gettext` can
    # be deleted completely, then move `envsubst` back.
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .gettext gettext \
    && mv /usr/bin/envsubst /tmp/ \
    \
    && runDeps="$( \
        scanelf --needed --nobanner /usr/sbin/nginx /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so /tmp/envsubst \
            ' awk '{ gsub(/,/, "\nso:", $2); print "so:" $2 }' \
            ' sort -u \
            ' xargs -r apk info --installed \
            ' sort -u \
    )" \
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .nginx-rundeps $runDeps \
    && apk del .build-deps \
    && apk del .gettext \
    && mv /tmp/envsubst /usr/local/bin/ \
    \
    # Bring in tzdata so users could set the timezones through the environment
    # variables
    && apk add --no-cache tzdata \
    \
    # forward request and error logs to docker log collector
    && ln -sf /dev/stdout /var/log/nginx/access.log \
    && ln -sf /dev/stderr /var/log/nginx/error.log

COPY nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
COPY nginx.vh.default.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

EXPOSE 80

STOPSIGNAL SIGTERM

CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]

依據上一篇編譯原始碼安裝的方式,我們只需要加入下載nchan原始碼,跟加入編譯參數的部分就好

所以在最上面加入nchan版本號,或是直接使用最新版(lastest)

ENV NCHAN_VERSION 1.1.14

53行插入編譯參數

--add-dynamic-module=/usr/src/nchan-${NCHAN_VERSION} \

74行加入下載nchan

&& curl -fSL https://github.com/slact/nchan/archive/v${NCHAN_VERSION}.tar.gz -o nchan.tar.gz \

91行解壓縮nchan

&& tar -zxC /usr/src -f nchan.tar.gz \

刪除nchan壓縮檔

&& rm -rf nchan.tar.gz \

因為官方會把debug模式的module跟無debug模式的module都編譯過

所以第一次編譯出來的module更名為帶有debug字串

102行插入

&& mv objs/ngx_nchan_module.so objs/ngx_nchan_module-debug.so \

最後用install指令copy debug module

117行插入

&& install -m755 objs/ngx_nchan_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_nchan_module-debug.so \

就結束了

最後的dockerfile長這樣

FROM alpine:3.7

LABEL maintainer="Nchan extend from NGINX docker <[email protected]>"

ENV NGINX_VERSION 1.12.2
ENV NCHAN_VERSION 1.1.14

RUN GPG_KEYS=B0F4253373F8F6F510D42178520A9993A1C052F8 \
    && CONFIG="\
        --prefix=/etc/nginx \
        --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
        --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules \
        --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
        --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
        --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
        --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid \
        --lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \
        --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/client_temp \
        --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/proxy_temp \
        --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp \
        --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp \
        --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/cache/nginx/scgi_temp \
        --user=nginx \
        --group=nginx \
        --with-http_ssl_module \
        --with-http_realip_module \
        --with-http_addition_module \
        --with-http_sub_module \
        --with-http_dav_module \
        --with-http_flv_module \
        --with-http_mp4_module \
        --with-http_gunzip_module \
        --with-http_gzip_static_module \
        --with-http_random_index_module \
        --with-http_secure_link_module \
        --with-http_stub_status_module \
        --with-http_auth_request_module \
        --with-http_xslt_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_perl_module=dynamic \
        --with-threads \
        --with-stream \
        --with-stream_ssl_module \
        --with-stream_ssl_preread_module \
        --with-stream_realip_module \
        --with-stream_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_slice_module \
        --with-mail \
        --with-mail_ssl_module \
        --with-compat \
        --with-file-aio \
        --with-http_v2_module \
        --add-dynamic-module=/usr/src/nchan-${NCHAN_VERSION} \
    " \
    && addgroup -S nginx \
    && adduser -D -S -h /var/cache/nginx -s /sbin/nologin -G nginx nginx \
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .build-deps \
        gcc \
        libc-dev \
        make \
        openssl-dev \
        pcre-dev \
        zlib-dev \
        linux-headers \
        curl \
        gnupg \
        libxslt-dev \
        gd-dev \
        geoip-dev \
        perl-dev \
    && curl -fSL https://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz -o nginx.tar.gz \
    && curl -fSL https://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz.asc  -o nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && curl -fSL https://github.com/slact/nchan/archive/v${NCHAN_VERSION}.tar.gz -o nchan.tar.gz \
    && export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)" \
    && found=''; \
    for server in \
        ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net \
        hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 \
        hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 \
        pgp.mit.edu \
    ; do \
        echo "Fetching GPG key $GPG_KEYS from $server"; \
        gpg --keyserver "$server" --keyserver-options timeout=10 --recv-keys "$GPG_KEYS" && found=yes && break; \
    done; \
    test -z "$found" && echo >&2 "error: failed to fetch GPG key $GPG_KEYS" && exit 1; \
    gpg --batch --verify nginx.tar.gz.asc nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm -rf "$GNUPGHOME" nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && mkdir -p /usr/src \
    && tar -zxC /usr/src -f nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm nginx.tar.gz \
    && tar -zxC /usr/src -f nchan.tar.gz \
    && rm -rf nchan.tar.gz \
    && cd /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION \
    && ./configure $CONFIG --with-debug \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && mv objs/nginx objs/nginx-debug \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_perl_module.so objs/ngx_http_perl_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_nchan_module.so objs/ngx_nchan_module-debug.so \
    && ./configure $CONFIG \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && make install \
    && rm -rf /etc/nginx/html/ \
    && mkdir /etc/nginx/conf.d/ \
    && mkdir -p /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/index.html /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/50x.html /usr/share/nginx/html/ \
    && install -m755 objs/nginx-debug /usr/sbin/nginx-debug \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_perl_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_perl_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_nchan_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_nchan_module-debug.so \
    && ln -s ../../usr/lib/nginx/modules /etc/nginx/modules \
    && strip /usr/sbin/nginx* \
    && strip /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so \
    && rm -rf /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION \
    \
    # Bring in gettext so we can get `envsubst`, then throw
    # the rest away. To do this, we need to install `gettext`
    # then move `envsubst` out of the way so `gettext` can
    # be deleted completely, then move `envsubst` back.
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .gettext gettext \
    && mv /usr/bin/envsubst /tmp/ \
    \
    && runDeps="$( \
        scanelf --needed --nobanner /usr/sbin/nginx /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so /tmp/envsubst \
            ' awk '{ gsub(/,/, "\nso:", $2); print "so:" $2 }' \
            ' sort -u \
            ' xargs -r apk info --installed \
            ' sort -u \
    )" \
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .nginx-rundeps $runDeps \
    && apk del .build-deps \
    && apk del .gettext \
    && mv /tmp/envsubst /usr/local/bin/ \
    \
    # Bring in tzdata so users could set the timezones through the environment
    # variables
    && apk add --no-cache tzdata \
    \
    # forward request and error logs to docker log collector
    && ln -sf /dev/stdout /var/log/nginx/access.log \
    && ln -sf /dev/stderr /var/log/nginx/error.log

COPY nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
COPY nginx.vh.default.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

EXPOSE 80

STOPSIGNAL SIGTERM

CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]

最後在build之前別忘記放nginx.conf跟nginx.vh.default.conf

$ wget https://github.com/nginxinc/docker-nginx/raw/master/stable/alpine-perl/nginx.conf
$ wget https://github.com/nginxinc/docker-nginx/raw/master/stable/alpine-perl/nginx.vh.default.conf

最後build image就完成了

docker build -t my-nchan .

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